How is NLP different from psychotherapy?

NLP is based on 'modeling' rather than 'theory.' A model is a description of how something works, without any commitment regarding why it might be that way.

NLP and psychotherapy have different underlying assumptions about the human mind and its connection with the body as a whole. NLP and all forms of traditional psychology have different methodologies, different measures and different concepts in practice. 

Both counselling and psychotherapy help the individual to gain a conscious understanding of the problem initially by talking through the detail with a practitioner, however with NLP a ‘toolkit’ of techniques is offered and a mindset that is based on the study of human excellence. NLP offers solutions, is practical and enables changes to be made quickly.

What is Hypnotherapy?

Hypnotherapy is the process of using hypnosis to interact with the subconscious mind in an open-reflective process to create positive change in your life. There are many techniques, many styles and many applications of hypnotherapy. They all have several things in common: (1) a strong desire to change, (2) a state of deeply relaxed focus, and (3) language and visualization in relationship to emotions. 

Most importantly the client is always in control of the hypnotherapy process and is able to come out of trance at any time they wish.

What issues CAN'T be treated with hypnotherapy?

Serious psychiatric or mental health problems are referred to a qualified psychiatrist. Medical problems with the physical body must always be treated by a physician, who can, at his or her discretion, prescribe hypnotherapy for pain control or relaxation.

Drug addiction, family dynamics disorders, clinical depression and other such problems need to be treated by doctors and psychiatrists, who can, at their discretion, prescribe hypnotherapy as a supplementary treatment.

Will I lose control during hypnosis?

Hypnosis can not make you do something that is against your morals or ethics. All hypnosis is self-hypnosis, in truth, and no hypnotherapist can make you do something that you really don't want to do. That's why some people can be hypnotized to stop smoking and yet they still smoke. You have to want the change, agree with the change, and then hypnosis is an instrument for helping make that change better, faster, and permanent.

You always have control, and you can always hear what's going on. Hypnosis is nothing but a state of relaxed deep focus. It is a natural state that you enter at least twice a day (while waking up and while falling asleep!), and probably much more often than that. If at any time you are in trance and you wish to be fully awake, you can just count to yourself "1 - 2- 3" and open your eyes.

What is Time Line Therapy™?

Dr. Tad James created a revolutionary new paradigm for human change known as the Time Line Therapy™ techniques. 

In 1988, his invaluable research became more widely known with the publishing of his first book, Time Line Therapy™ and The Basis of Personality. Since then, Time Line Therapy™ techniques have become a major modality for creating powerful change in one's personal life, business, and education. 

Time Line Therapy™ allows you to free yourself from the negative emotions associated with certain memories that are preventing you from moving forward. Without the negative baggage from the past hampering you, you can create the ideal future you want.

Your unconscious mind is simply comprised of all the things of which you’re not presently conscious. Many people assume that their actions, decisions, and learning all occur on a conscious level. However, the unconscious mind plays a significant role in each of those things. That’s why it’s essential that changes occur at the unconscious level – at least if those changes are to be lasting, which, of course, is usually the desired outcome of therapy. 

When you learn something, it’s stored – permanently – in your unconscious mind. It may not seem that way, because you were likely conscious while you were learning. Much of your behavior is more unconscious than you realize. Consider all the things you do each day that are essentially automatic – pushing on the brakes to slow and stop your car, putting cream in your coffee, or climbing a flight of stairs. You don’t stop and consciously consider each step involved; you do it unconsciously, while your mind is focused on something else. 

Time Line Therapy™ is effective because it recognizes just how powerful the unconscious mind is and why change must occur at that level.

Is Time Line Therapy™ for me?

Time Line Therapy™ is a very elegant technique for dealing with past negative emotions or limiting decisions. It is a very intuitive process that really allows the unconscious mind to deal with the following negative emotions: 

  • Anger
  • Sadness
  • Fear
  • Hurt
  • Guilt
  • Shame
  • Any other negative emotions


What is biofeedback therapy, and how can it help my situation?


Biofeedback therapy addresses emotional physiology. The idea behind biofeedback is that, by harnessing the power of your mind and becoming aware of what’s going on inside your body, you can gain more control over your health.
Often, biofeedback therapy is recommended for one of several reasons (but there are others): 

  • to improve mood and decrease depression
  • to increase energy and decrease fatigue
  • to increase calmness and decrease anxiety
  • to improve sleep quality
  • to increase focus and attention

What does the biofeedback therapy process involve?

When you’re under stress, your functions change. Your heart rate speeds up, your muscles tighten, your blood pressure rises, you start to sweat, and your breathing quickens. You can see these stress responses as they happen on the monitor, and then get immediate feedback as you try to stop or slow them. Computer programs that connect to the biofeedback sensor help monitor your progress. Dr. Kroner will help you practice relaxation exercises, which you fine­tune to control different body functions. Several relaxation exercises are used in biofeedback therapy, including (but not limited to): deep breathing, progressive muscle relaxation, guided imagery, and mindfulness meditation. As you slow your heart rate and ease muscle tension, you’ll get instant feedback on the screen. Eventually, you’ll learn how to control these functions on your own, without the biofeedback equipment.

How can a Confidence Coach help?

Confidence and self-belief stem from positive thinking, positive friendships and relationships, plenty of practice and, in some cases, coaching. Although we aspire to have more of both confidence and self-belief, we often struggle to find or obtain these traits.

As your personal Confidence Coach, Dr. Kroner will listen to you, observe, and customize an approach to building confidence that is specific to your individual needs. She will create a safe, supportive and non-judgemental environment that produces ongoing mutual respect and trust. Additionally, she  will provide knowledge and support to enhance the skills, resources, and creativity that you ALREADY have, and teach you techniques that will fast-track you to becoming the confident individual you deserve to be!

If the confidence challenges that you are faced with require  going out into the field and having Dr. Kroner with you, side-by-side (and shadowing you) as she puts you into the environment you are fearful of, then that is what she will do.  Dr. Kroner will help you prepare, having received the appropriate amount of Confidence Coaching, and then together the both of you will go out into the world and do real-life scenario work to help build your confidence.

As your Confidence Coach, Dr. Kroner will inspire and empower you to achieve your greatest potential with a new found purpose and a heightened sense of enthusiasm!

What areas/issues can Confidence Coaching address?

Confidence Coaching can help the following areas/issues and more:

Being Bullied

Body Issues

Braving the Outside World


Feeling Positive About Decisions

Getting Clear About Your Goals

Going After Your Goals

How To Dress For Success

Making Friends

Personal Relationships 

Social Skills

Teenage Angst

What is the difference of Educational Therapy and Tutoring?

The Association of Educational Therapists, the national professional organization for educational therapists, has set professional requirements for educational therapists, including academic criteria, standards of ethical practice, and continuing education requirements. 

AET benefits the public by verifying the training background of educational therapists at the Associate, Professional, and Board Certified levels of membership. Consumers can be confident that these professionals have met rigorous training requirements.

Three Major Differences Between a tutor and Educational Therapist

  1. Services Provided
    An educational therapist provides individualized intensive intervention, conducts formal and informal assessment of academic skills, and utilizes specific, and when appropriate, alternative teaching strategies. An educational therapist also can provide case management for clients with a wide range of learning disabilities and learning issues by coordinating with the student’s team of teachers, parents, and allied professionals.
    A tutor typically provides assistance with homework and teaches children requiring private instruction in specific subject matter. More often than not, the scope of practice of educational therapy is broader than that of tutoring.
  2. Training
    An educational therapist has extensive training in learning disabilities and other forms of learning difficulties, with additional specific training in the psychology of learning disorders, assessment, and intervention strategies that address the social and emotional aspects that impact learning. Training also includes experience with intervention strategies specific to learning differences and a period of supervised practice. A tutor’s background does not necessarily include training in learning disabilities, specific syndromes, assessments, appropriate interventions or case management. Tutors are generally skilled at time management, task completion, study skills, and specific subject matter assistance.
    Teachers who also do tutoring do have some training in exceptionalities. The difference often lies in the depth of training and understanding an educational therapist must have in order to address the diverse variety of client needs.
  3. Goals and Strategies
    An educational therapist collaboratively sets goals and develops an intervention plan that addresses not only academic difficulties, but also psycho-educational and socio-emotional aspects of life-long learning. A tutor frequently focuses on improving grades and commonly uses traditional teaching methods to reach academic goals.
    Tutors often work with clients alongside educational therapists, addressing academic needs according to their expertise. They are among the most common allied professionals with whom educational therapists collaborate.

How long will it take to get results?

Change is a process. 

The recommended duration of your sessions with Dr. Kroner will depend on the individual issue(s) you wish to work on, and will be determined during your initial visit.

Each client uniquely experiences varying levels of improvement, change, and growth as you progress toward the achievement of their outcome.

Understand that our work together will be a healthy partnership and solid investment in your happiness, success and well-being as you learn to redirect your mind toward even greater states of positive potential.

Clients who are fully willing to make the conscious effort to do the appropriate work necessary for the changes they want in their lives are the ones who typically achieve the fastest results. This is because they support the overall success of the process by fully intending to do what they say they’re going to do, and are sincerely committed throughout the duration of their recommended coaching program.